According to World Bank and the World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates, at least 10 per cent of the country’s population are PWDs. Out of the roughly 18 million disabled persons in the country, over 5 million live in urban areas, while almost 13 million live in rural areas.
Meanwhile, according to the National Database and Registration Authority (Nadra), only 136,928 PWDs nationwide have been registered with the authority.
People with Disabilities still faces various challenges in participating in electoral process. In 2013, many PWDs had difficulties just to register as voters due to lack of Computerized National Identity Cards (CNICs), transportation, facilities at polling booths, access to polling stations, the right to request assistance and the right to secrecy.
Regards to minority groups, according to Human Rights Commission of Pakistan’s report, it stated that the level of respect for the political rights of religious minorities, especially as voters and candidates are quite low. In 2013 Election, while 10 seats out of the 342 in the National Assembly are reserved for non-Muslims, only one non-Muslim candidate was election from the 272 seats this time.
While 10 seats out of the 342 in the National Assembly are reserved for non-Muslims, only one non-Muslim candidate was elected from the 272 general seats this time. After the euphoria over Pakistan’s first democratic transition settled, post-election analyses indicate problems for both women and religious minority voters that call for the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) to play a more enabling role.
According to official statistics, there are 2.77 million non-Muslim voters in the country, and 13 districts in Sindh and two in Punjab have significant presence of these voters.