In the Philippines, Out of Country Voting is referred to as Overseas Absentee Voting (OAV). It is the process by which qualified citizens exercise their right to vote. The process of voting is enshrined in the Overseas Absentee voting act of 2003 which was later amended in 2013. Following state policy, a law was legislated to guarantee the rights of Filipinos living abroad, including their rights to be represented in government. The Commission on Elections has established an office, the Office of Overseas Voting (OFOV) tasked to oversee and supervise the effective implementation of OAV.
All citizens of the Philippines abroad, who are not otherwise disqualified by law, and at least 18 years of age on the the day of elections are qualified to vote. Registration can be made at any post abroad or at designated registration centers outside the post or in the Philippines approved by COMELEC.
The methods of voting available is either personally or by postal mail. Voting is held at the premises of the embassies, consulates, and other foreign establishments authorized by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) to conduct the voting.
Voting period lasts for 30 days, inclusive of holidays in the Philippines and in the host countries. Voting is held at the premises of the embassies, consulates, and other foreign service establishments authorized by COMELEC to conduct voting. In some countries, embassies/ consulates are located only in the capital of the host country. Accessibility to voters has become a challenge. As a result, field centers may also be established as voting centers (or mobile voting centers) for limited days as authorized by COMELEC.
As of 2016, 1,376,067 are registered overseas absentee voters worldwide.