Direct Democracy

Before 15th amendment of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh in 2011, there was provision to arrange referendum. The provision [Article 142 (1A),(1B) & (1C) ] has been repealed through the 15th Amendment of the Constitution. There are also no provisions for citizen’s initiatives in the legislation of the country.

However on September 15, 1991, a constitutional referendum was held in Bangladesh. Voters were asked “Should or not the President assent to the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Bill, 1991 of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh?” The amendments would lead to the reintroduction of parliamentary government, with the President becoming the constitutional head of state, but the Prime Minister  the executive head. It also abolished the position of Vice-President and would see the President elected by Parliament.

The result saw 83.6% vote in favour, with a turnout of 35.2%.

Now, there are no provision of any kinds of direct democracy. The Constitution states “in which effective participation by the people through their elected representatives in administration at all levels shall be ensured.”

Taken from the Direct Democracy Database of International IDEA

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