Political Parties

Excerpt from Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Indonesia’s political parties can be divided into two broad groups: secular parties and Islamic parties. Within these categories, parties espouse a wide variety of ideologies, policy platforms, and leadership models.

Secular Parties

  • Democratic Party (Partai Demokrat), ruling party chaired by President Yudhoyono.
  • Golkar (Party of the Functional Groups), large party known for neoliberal politicies.
  • PDI-P (Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle), large party known for populist policies.
  • Genrindra (Great Indonesian Movement Party), strongly nationalist party led by former lieutenant general Prabowo.
  • Hanura (People’s Conscience Party), strongly nationalist party led by retired general Wiranto.
  • PKPI (Indonesian Justice and Unity Party), small party affiliated with the armed forces.
  • NasDem (Nasional Demokrat), new party that splintered from Golkar.

Islamic Parties

PKS (Prosperous Justice Party), pragmatic party with socially conservative policies.

  • PAN (National Mandate Party), moderate party with relatively progressive policies.
  • PPP (United Development Party), traditional party with socially conservative policies.
  • PKB (National Awakening Party), rural-based party with mainly moderate policies.
  • PBB (Crescent Star Party), small party with conservative policies.

Bulkin, N. (n.d.). Indonesia’s Political Parties. Retrieved from Carnegie Endowmenr for International Peace: http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/10/24/indonesia-political-parties.

Resources :

Link : Political Parties (OPEMAM)
PDF : Parties and elections in Indonesia 2009: the consolidation of democracyResearch Paper (Parliament of Australia: 2009)
PDF : List of 34 Political Parties for the 2009 Legislative Election (2008) (Indonesian)
PDF : Election Rules and Identity Politics: Understanding the Success of Multiethnic Parties in Indonesia (IFES: 2013)
PDF : Failure of Political Parties Emits Troubled Legislative Candidates (CETR)
PDF : The 2004 Indonesian Elections: How the System Works and What the Parties Stand For (Centre for Democratic Institutions: 2004)


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