Voter Registration

Since 2009,  the Indonesian Election Commission (KPU) developed voter list from population data provided by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA). In 2012, Indonesian government has provided their 172 million residents a national ID card call e-KTP which could be used in a wide range of purposes including proving identity for voter registration. The project started in 2010 by the government to counter voter-fraud issues and other problems. A Steering Committee on Voter Registration was established, and comprised of KPU Commissioners, KPU Secretariat, KPU Provinces, MoHA, the Research Center for Biotechnology, civil society and academic to oversee the design of the new voter registration system.

Regards to the inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (PWDs), the General Election Commission (KPU) of Indonesia had invited Disabled People’s Organizations (DPOs) to contribute to drafting its regulation on voter registration and its registration system. Due to the representation of persons with disabilities in the decision making process, the Indonesian voter registration system now provides a column for disability type. The system has allowed DPOs and EMBs to identity the statistics behind persons with disabilities at each polling station and be better able to allocate any support, assistance, and materials to accommodate persons with disabilities throughout the election process.

External voting provisions were included in the 1953 Election Law and was managed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Eligible voters who live overseas are able to register at the Indonesian diplomatic mission in the city in which they are resident. The registration could be done in person, by email, or by post.


Agenda, Disability Inclusion in the Voter Registration Processes: The Challenges, Lessons Learned and Good Practices: A Pathway of Disability Inclusion in Political Rights, 2015,

Alan Wall, Voting from Abroad, Indonesia: a long-established system for external voting at diplomatic missions: Case Study: Indonesia, -,

Ellen Messmer, Indonesia advance world’s most ambitious biometric-based national identity card projects, Network World, Sep 20, 2012,

Parliament of Australia, Report of the Australian Parliament Delegation to Indonesia and Tonga: Chapter 2 Indonesia, June 18, 2012,

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