Election Monitoring

According to the Law on the Election, party, coalition, or an independent candidate shall appoint election observer of their own. The observers should register with and obtain an observer identification card from a division committee at least 3 days before the polling day.

Election observation procedures for both domestic and foreign organizations or media outlet should be approved and  regulated by  the General Election Commission.

An observer shall monitor the process of preparation of electoral rolls, polling, vote counting, and totaling of election results only from distance to confirm compliance with the election legislation and shall have the following rights:

-to have access to electoral rolls;

-to check the sealing of ballot papers;

-to observe vote counting;

-to have access to independent candidate’s supporter-voters signature collection form ;

-to have access to the electoral rolls, routes and schedules for sealed mobile ballot box polling ;

-to check whether voting booths, sealed mobile ballot boxes, vote counting equipment, and polling stations are set up according to legal requirements;

-at the polling station, to have a seat allowing observation of the entire polling process ;

-to notify the chairperson of the division committee of a violation and ask him/her to rectify it, keep written records of and document violations with the use of audio and video equipment, collect witness signatures ;

-to obtain relevant information from division committee members; and

-to make public and publish his/her observation report.

One observer from each party, coalition, or independent candidate may obtain a soft copy of images and quantitative data of that part of ballot papers where votes are marked from the division after the end of the polling. In case an observer intervenes in the work of election committee by illegal means, the division committee is given power to annul his/ her observer rights and confiscate his/her identification card. The party, coalition, or independent candidate whom he/she represents will not have a right to appoint any replacement.


Law on the Election of the State Great Hural of Mongolia, Procedure for Observation and Reporting of the Election of the State Great Hural of Mongolia, 2012,

Resources :

PDF : Parliamentary and president elections in Mongolia, 2012 and 2013 (Pavel Maskarinec, ELSEVIER: 2014)
Link : The unique features of the 6th Presidential Election of Mongolia (UB Post: May 27, 2013)
PDF : Mongolia Presidential Election Observation Mission Final Report (OSCE/ODIHR: 2013)
PDF : Interim Report No. 2 Mongolia Presidential Election Observation Mission (OSDE/ODIHR: 2013)
Link : Mongolia 2013 (World Elections: Jul 4, 2013)
PDF : Mongolia Presidential Election Observation Report- The Asia Foundation (2009)
PDF : Mongolia Parliamentary Elections- Election Observation Mission Final Report- IRI (2008)
PDF : Observation of the Mongolian Parliamentary Election June 29, 2008 (The Asia Foundation: 2008)
PDF : Mongolia Parliament Election Observation Mission Report (IRI: 2000)
PDF : Statutory Rules for the Foreign Observers Witnessing the Elections of the President 1993 (IFES)
PDF : Mongolia: An Assessment of the Election to the Great Peoples Hural – June 1992 (IFES)

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