Mongolia holds elections for following governing organs;
the President of the State
the members of the State Ih Hural (Parliament)
the members of local public assemblies (Citizens Representatives Khural)
For elections, Mongolia uses following electoral methods;
The Majority Vote
For the election of the President of the State, the Majority Vote is used as an electoral method. The Presidential candidates shall be nominated by political parties that possess seats in the State Ih Hural, One candidate per party or coalition of parties.
Under the Majority Vote method, people vote for a favored candidate and the candidate who obtains more than half of the valid votes shall be elected to office. If no candidates get more than half of the valid votes, a second vote shall take place only by two candidates who obtained the highest votes.
The Plurality Vote
For the election of the the State Ih Hural that consists of 76 members, the Plurality Vote and the Proportional Representation are used as electoral methods. 48 of the State Ih Hural’s 76 members are elected by the Plurality Vote in multimember districts. The remaining 28 members are elected by the Proportional Representation.
Under the Plurality Vote, people vote for a their favored candidate and the candidate who obtains the largest votes is elected to office.
The Proportional Representation
Under the Proportional Representation method, people vote for a their favored party and the seats are distributed to each party depends on their proportion of votes to total votes in each constituency.
For the election of the members of local public assemblies, the mixed electoral methods are used; One third of the members of the Citizens Representatives Khurals are elected through a Proportional Representation system or the candidates nominated in the Party List. The remaining two thirds are elected through a majoritarian system.