Legal Framework

The Constitution, electoral laws, rules and regulations serve as the legal framework for the conduct of election in the Maldives.

The Constitution contains basic provisions with regards to the citizenship, right to vote and run for public office, conduct of the general and presidential elections as well as the creation of the elections commission.

Other legal instruments used concerning electoral matters include:

-Elections (General) Act, which provides the general policies and matters that the Elections Commission has to make arrangements for and conduct the elections as specified under the law and the Constitution.

-Presidential Elections Act, which provide the conduct of elections to appoint a person for the post of the President.

-Parliamentary Elections Act, which provide the procedures and other matters relating to the election of members to the Parliament.

-Elections Commission Act, which provides the functions, duties, powers, composition and qualifications of members of the Elections Commission.

-Regulations for Parliamentary Elections 2014

-Presidential Election Regulation 2013

-Local Council Election Regulation 2013

Resources :


PDF : Mongolia’s Constitution of 1992 with Amendments through 2001 (Constitute Project)

Election Laws

PDF : Electoral Law of the State Great Hural of Mongolia (IFES: 1992)
PDF : Electoral Law of the State Great Hural (Parliament) of Mongolia, Amendments to the Electoral Law made in 1996 included (IRI, Unofficial translation)
PDF : Law on the Election of the President of Mongolia 1993 (IFES)
PDF : Law on Political Parties, amended version January 28, 2005
PDF : Law on Procedure for Observation and Reporting on the Election of Mongolia 2012
PDF : Law on the Central Election Body (Unofficial translation: 2005)
PDF : Law on Parliament (State Great Hural) of Mongolia Election (2011)
PDF : Law on Elections to the State Ih Hural (Unofficial translation, 2005)

Statutory Rules for Foreign Observers

PDF : Statutory Rules for the Foreign Observers Witnessing the Elections of the President 1993 (IFES)

Analysis on the Legal Framework

Link : Impact of Revised Electoral Law on Parliamentary Election Outcome (Mongolia Focus: Dec 15, 2011)

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