Election law and regulations provide for a comprehensive system for presenting doubts, complaints, or protests to the National Election Commission (CNE) at every state of the electoral process (Article 43). All decisions made by the CNE may be the object of an election petition with the Court of Appeal. Three judges of the Court of Appeal were appointed to deal with such petitions. The 2011 amendment to the election law on Parliamentary Elections repealed the provisions on electoral offences, which had been incorporated into the Penal Code in 2009.
During 1999-2007, the State and civil society actors are primarily responsible for efforts to prevent electoral violence, with international actors offering financing and technical support. For dispute resolution, these methods below were taken:
September 1999 Election: Public hearings held on alleged electoral violations by an independent UN Electoral Commission.
July 2001 Election: Media Mediation Panel established for complaints on fairness of UNTAET media coverage of the election.
April 2007 Election Enactment of procedural legislation on complaints and release of complaints filed at CNE (by category).
EU Election Observation Mission, Timor-Leste 2012, Final Report on the Parliamentary Election
TLAVA, Electoral violence in Timor-Leste: mapping incidents and responses, Issue brief -Timor Leste armed violence assessment, Number 3, June 2009